Income inequality is on the rise—the richest 10 percent have up to 40 percent of global income whereas the poorest 10 percent earn only between 2 to 7 percent.
Goal 10 on Reduced Inequalities calls for progressively reducing not only income inequalities but also inequalities of outcome by ensuring access to equal opportunities and promoting social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, religion or other status relevant within a society.
The Goal also aims to enhance representation and voice for developing countries in decision making in international institutions.
Inequality takes on many forms in a large and diverse country like India. There are inequalities in income and consumption; structural inequalities which take the form of inequalities based on gender, religion, caste and social groups as well as regional inequalities, all of which manifest in inequalities of opportunities and access.
There are several national schemes which are aimed at reducing social, economic and political gaps and progressively achieving greater equality in the country.