By 2050, two-thirds of all humanity—6.5 billion people—will be urban. Sustainable development cannot be achieved without significantly transforming the way we build and manage our urban spaces.
Making cities sustainable means creating career and business opportunities, safe and affordable housing, and building resilient societies and economies. It involves investment in public transport, creating green public spaces, and improving urban planning and management in participatory and inclusive ways.
The Goal also aims to reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, and also the number of deaths and direct economic losses caused by disasters.
India is a fast urbanizing country and is witnessing a steady increase in migration from rural areas to urban centers. This poses stress on the already overburdened infrastructure of the cities, such as housing, and services related to transportation, provision of clean water and sewage treatment.
It is therefore essential to promote inclusive and sustainable urbanization as well develop capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management.