Achieving economic growth and sustainable development requires that we urgently reduce our ecological footprint by changing the way we produce and consume goods and resources. Agriculture is the biggest user of water worldwide, and irrigation now claims close to 70 percent of all freshwater for human use.
Goal 12 on Sustainable Consumption and Production emphasizes on “doing more with less”. The goal emphasises on promoting resource efficiency, green economies and sustainable infrastructure. It also focusses on reducing degradation and pollution, and minimising waste. It calls for environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, efficent use of natural resources, as well as spread of information and awareness on sustainable practises and lifestyles.
India, being the second most populous country in the world, is home to about 17.5 percent of the world population with a meager 2.4 percent of the world’s area. This makes it nec essary to have a comprehensive policy framework aimed at achieving resource efficiency, reduction in waste and pollutant activities, and adoption of technologies focusing on renewable resources.
To encourage sustainable practices requires cultural and attitudinal shifts supported by national policies. Government of India’s policies like the National Policy on Biofuels aims to achieve sustainable consumption and production.