Over three billion people depend on marine and coastal biodiversity for their livelihoods. However, today we are seeing 30 percent of the world’s fish stocks overexploited, reaching below the level at which they can produce sustainable yields.
The goal aim to sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems from pollution, as well as address the impacts of ocean acidification. Enhancing conservation and the sustainable use of ocean-based resources through international law will also help mitigate some of the challenges facing our oceans.
It focuses on preventing marine pollution, pendin illegal and destructive fishing practises and sustainably managing and protecting marine and coatal ecosystems while increasing scientific knowledge, research and transfer of marine technology to improve marine health.
Maritime sector in India has been the backboneof the country's trade. Government of India is laying emphasis on promoting Blue Economy through ambitious projects to harness India’s 7,500 km long coastline, 14,500 km of potentially navigable waterways and strategic location on key international maritime trade routes. Th e projects aim to port led and sustainable development of of coastal communities through skill development and livelihood generation activities, fisheries development and coastal tourism, etc.