Since 2000, there has been enormous progress in achieving the target of universal primary education. The total enrolment rate in developing regions reached 91 percent in 2015, and the worldwide number of children out of school has dropped by almost half. Education is the foundation of any society on which dreams of economic growth and development are built. Its role is not only limited to boosting economic growth by enhancing skills and opening up opportunities for sustainable livelihoods, but also to enable people to lead a life of dignity.
Goal 4 aims to ensure inclusive, equitable and quality education for all, including technical and vocational training by providing lifelong learning opportunities, so as to achieve substantial adult literacy and numeracy. It also aims to build and upgrade education facilities that are child, disability and gender-sensitive and ensure that all learners acquire knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainabledevelopment.
Education is a fundamental right that empowers people and ensures that they are able to lead a productive life in a globalising world. Recognising this, the Government of India amended the Constitution to include the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009. It acknowledges that every child has a right to full time elementary education of satisfactory and equitable quality in a formal school. Further, the national and State governments have various schemes and programmes to ensure that children from the vulnerable sections of the societies enrol in and attend schools.