Affordable and clean energy

About the goals

Between 2000 and 2016, the number of people with electricity increased from 78 to 87 percent, and the numbers without electricity dipped to just below one billion.

Energy has been recognised pre-required for development of societies and for them to flourish. Goal 7 aims to ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services. Expanding infrastructure and upgrading technology to provide clean and more efficient energy in all countries will encourage growth and also help the environment.

Why is it important and what is the current scenario?

With nearly 200 million Indians without access to electricity, and 264 million people still dependent on solid biomass for cooking, , it may be acknowledged that the country has a long way to go in securing its energy security objective.

As per the energy modelling exercise undertaken by the NITI Aayog — India Energy, Security Scenarios (IESS), 2047, the enrgy demand of India is likely to go up by 1.5-1.7 times between 2017 and 2030, with the electricity component itself rising 2.3 times . India has taken vast strides in provision of clean energy and is currently running one of the largest renewable capacity expansion programmes in the world. The Government of India has set total renewable capacity targets at 175 GW by the end of 2022 from various sources. Currently, In terms of renewable energy installed capacity, India ranks 4th globally after China, USA and Germany